On October 14 each year, World Standards Day, also known as International Standards Day, is observed worldwide. The purpose of the day is to educate consumers, regulators, and industry about the significance of standardization to the global economy. The day is dedicated to the significance of putting into practice globally acceptable technical standards, which range from the ability to travel effectively to having access to clean energy, fresh water, and standard safety and security measures. World Standard Day was first established on October 14, 1946, in London, at a gathering of prominent experts and representatives from approximately 25 nations. International standards organizations like the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) attended the event. However, Faruk Sunter, then-President of the International Organization for Standardization (IES), first observed the day in 1970 to promote industrial standardization. The day is observed all over the world to show appreciation for the technical communities’ efforts in establishing internationally accepted standards. Through a scientific method of technical documentation, these “standards” are created and praised. On this day, the member nations promise to improve the world’s living conditions and work toward the construction of smart cities that meet international standards. A patent is only used by the patent holder and third parties who have been granted a license, whereas a standard is typically intended for use by all interested parties. Even though they may appear to be at odds, the interaction between standards and patents can be beneficial to society as a whole and the patent holder when handled correctly. This is seen in the smartphone industry, where standards maximize diffusion and interoperability while patents encourage innovation of R&D results. As smartphones require interoperability and the most recent patented technology, this industry could not function without the interaction of standards and patents. Under the provisions of CEN-CENELEC Guide 8 “Standardization and intellectual property rights (IPR),” the European standardization organizations CEN and CENELEC have had an intellectual property rights policy for a considerable amount of time. These common guidelines are intended to provide participants in their technical bodies with practical and understandable guidance in the event of patent or other intellectual property rights issues.
It is requested of all those who participate in the work of CEN and CENELEC to declare any patents that are known to exist or any patent applications that are known to be pending that may be relevant to the standard. This pertains to their own patents as well as patents held by any other organization, they may be familiar with. Patent rights issues can be avoided in this manner. A patent cannot be included in a standard unless it is deemed necessary for its subsequent application. CEN and CENELEC do not participate in patent dispute resolution, licensing negotiations, or the evaluation of patent relevance or essentiality. This is up to the involved parties. However, depending on the standard and the method used to develop it, patents play a very different role in de facto standards. A patent policy, which typically aims to ensure that the content of standards and recommendations is as royalty-free as possible, will frequently apply to standards developed by a consortium or forum. Other times, a de facto standard may include or make reference to patents owned by the developing organization or a third party when it is created by one organization or a group of organizations. The developing organization can license the standard’s patents in these situations without taking into account fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory conditions.
Edu world realises the importance of standards in the economy as an unifying factor in all spheres of life.