Every year on February 6, the UN hosts the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation as part of its efforts to put an end to the practice. It was first displayed in 2003. Female genital mutilation (FGM) refers to all practices that include changing or harming the female genitalia for non-medical purposes. FGM is widely seen as a violation of girls’ and women’s human rights as well as their health and integrity. Girls who have female genital mutilation suffer from immediate problems like excruciating pain, shock, heavy bleeding, infections, and problems urinating, as well as long-term effects on their mental and reproductive health.
Edu World opinions systematic, coordinated initiatives that involve entire communities and are centered on gender equality and human rights. These initiatives ought to place a strong emphasis on societal debate and giving communities the power to act jointly to put a stop to the practice. They must also attend to the needs of women and girls who are affected by its effects in terms of sexual and reproductive health.