World Diabetes Day, observed on November 14 each year, is the primary international effort to raise awareness of diabetes mellitus. In comparison to 108 million adults worldwide in 1980, 422 million adults were predicted to have diabetes in 2014. Since 1980, the prevalence of diabetes in the adult population around the world has increased from 4.7% to 8.5%. This reflects an increase in risk factors like obesity and excess weight. Diabetes prevalence has increased more quickly in low- and middle-income nations during the past ten years than in high-income nations. Diabetes is a significant contributor to renal disease, heart attacks, strokes, blindness, and lower limb amputation. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by a healthy diet, regular exercise, and quitting smoking. Additionally, diabetes can be managed with medication, regular screenings, and treatment for complications. This can help prevent or delay the consequences of diabetes.
The General Assembly’s resolution 61/225 proclaiming November 14 as World Diabetes Day was enacted in 2007. “Multilateral initiatives to promote and improve human health, and offer access to treatment and health-care education” were identified as being urgently necessary in the statement. In accordance with the sustainable growth of their healthcare systems, the resolution further urged Member States to create national plans for the management of diabetes, including its prevention, treatment, and care.
Edu world celebrates World Diabetes Day offers a chance to increase public awareness of diabetes as a problem affecting both individual and worldwide public health, as well as what needs to be done both collectively and individually to improve the disease’s detection, treatment, and prevention.