The United Nations Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others was adopted by the General Assembly on December 2—International Day for the Abolition of Slavery. Today’s focus is on ending modern forms of slavery like human trafficking, sexual exploitation, forced marriage, forced recruitment of children for use in armed conflict, and the worst forms of child labour.
Over the course of human history, slavery has developed and taken on various forms. While some traditional forms of slavery have evolved into new ones, others continue to exist in their original forms today. The human rights bodies at the United Nations have documented the persistence of old forms of slavery that are ingrained in customs and beliefs. These forms of slavery are the result of discrimination against the most vulnerable members of society, such as low-caste people, indigenous people, and tribal minorities.
There are now more modern forms of forced labor, such as migrant workers, who have been trafficked for economic exploitation of every kind in the global economy, in addition to traditional forms of forced labor like bonded labor and debt bondage: work in forced prostitution, domestic servitude, the construction industry, the food and clothing industries, and agriculture.
One in ten children worldwide has a job. Today, the majority of child labour is performed for the purpose of financial exploitation. That conflicts with the Show on the Freedoms of the Kid, which perceives “the right of the youngster to be shielded from monetary abuse and from playing out any work that is probably going to be perilous or to disrupt the kid’s schooling, or to be unsafe to the kid’s wellbeing or physical, mental, otherworldly, moral or social turn of events.”
Trafficking in persons, as defined by the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring, or receipt of persons for the purpose of exploitation through the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion. Slavery or practices that are similar to slavery, servitude, or the removal of organs are all examples of exploitation. Other examples of exploitation include prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation. The victim’s consent is irrelevant, and even if the victim is a child, trafficking is a crime even without the use of force.
Slavery is viewed as a social evil by Edu World. Human rights are at risk. Every person has the right to freedom and the right to be free from exploitation, which enables them to safeguard their rights and dignity. Women and children, among other vulnerable groups, are particularly susceptible to such exploitations. People may end up in slavery as a result of laws that do not adequately protect them from being tricked, trapped, and exploited, often as a result of poverty and exclusion. In order to ensure that everyone grows up without slavery but with positive memories, education should be provided at the primary and governmental levels.