The International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition is an international day celebrated on August 23rd of each year. The day was chosen by the Unites Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to memorialize the transatlantic slave trade. The theme for this year is ‘Decolonisation’. The fundamental right to self-Determination is identified by the United Nations as core to decolonization, allowing not only independence, but also other ways of decolonization. This International Day is intended to inscribe the tragedy of the slave trade in the memory of all peoples. It should offer an opportunity for collective consideration of the historic causes, the methods and the consequences of this tragedy, and for an analysis of the interactions to which it has given rise between Africa, Europe, the Americans and the Caribbean. On the night of 22 to 23 August 1791, in Saint Domingue, today the Republic of Haiti, saw the beginning of the transatlantic slave trade. It is against this background that the International Day for the Remembrance of the slave trade and its abolition is commemorated on 23rd August each year. It was first celebrated in a number of counties, in particular in Haiti and Senegal.
The history of slave trade can be dig from the 69th BC. The earliest forms of slave trade were traced back from Mesopotamia. During the 29th BC Egypt officially began the mass slave trade. In 5th BC serfdom became the new form of slavery. During the American civil war, British divided the North America into 13 colonies, establishing slavery and exploitation of labour. In the 19th century a person was considered a slave, if another individual exercised power or control over the slave to restrain his or her personal liberty and to dispose of the slave’s labour against his or her will, without lawful authority. In 1808 US congress forbade the importation of slaves. The end of the American civil war marked the abolition of slavery and slave trade. In 1962 Saudi Arabia made slavery illegal. Thus, every nation-state adopted strict actions against slavery and slave trade, as its against the very basic fundamental rights of the individuals. As the countries across the globe became independent from foreign invasions and the feeling of nationalism and freedom aroused in the minds of people, the very first consideration was given to the improvement of mankind. In simple terms the humanitarian values were upheld my all of the nations. The discovery that the commercial trade in human being still exists has sparked renewed interest in suppression of slave trading and related practices. The development of guilds and trade unions played a vital role in the abolition of slavery, as the workers are well aware of their rights and they starting demanding adequate wage and good working conditions.
Edu world examines the importance of abolition of slavery and salve trade. In our constitution every citizen irrespective of cast, creed, sex, religion is offered with same fundamental rights. The basic among them is the freedom; freedom to express, freedom to live. But still, social evils like human trafficking and related forms of illegal migration, migrant smuggling are coming back again as the waves of the sea. Strict actions and punishments should be taken against such illegal activities. It is the duty of every single citizen to maintain and follow the legal rules and regulations of our country.